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What is Natural Language Processing (NLP): 10 Awesome Facts

What is Natural Language Processing (NLP): Tutorial

In the age of technology, the amount of data generated every day is increasing rapidly. Much of this data is known as natural language, where natural language refers to the same language people use to communicate.

Natural language processing (NLP) is a field of artificial intelligence that processes and understands human language. NLP helps machines understand, interpret, and generate a common human language that has a wide range of real-world applications.

Natural Language Processing NLP
Image Credit: Google


What is NLP/Natural Language Processing?

Natural Language Processing/NLP allows machines to understand, interpret, and generate human language and has a wide range of applications in real-world scenarios. Natural language processing (NLP) is a subfield of artificial intelligence that focuses on the interaction between computers and human language. NLP involves the use of computer algorithms and models to understand, interpret and generate human language. The main goal of NLP is to enable machines to process, analyze and understand natural language, which is an essential part of human communication. NLP uses a combination of machine learning and computational linguistics to analyze human language.

How NLP works?

Natural Language Processing uses analyze human language by a combination of computational linguistics and machine learning. The process begins with the collection of data, which may be in the form of written text, speech, or any other form of human language. The data is then analyzed using NLP algorithms to identify patterns and extract meaning. This includes tasks such as language detection, tokenization, part-of-speech tagging, and parsing. (What is Natural Language Processing (NLP))

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Natural Language Processing NLP
Image Credit: Google

Applications of NLP / Natural Language Processing

Natural language processing has many practical applications in a wide range of industries. Here are some examples:

Sentiment Analysis NLP can be used to analyze and understand the sentiment of a piece of text. It is useful in social media monitoring, customer feedback analysis, and market research.

Speech Recognition  NLP can be used to convert speech to text. The technology is used in personal assistants like Siri and Alexa, as well as call centers and dictation software.

Machine Translation  NLP can be used to translate text from one language to another. The technology is used in language learning apps, online translation tools and international trade.
Chatbots  NLP can be used to create chatbots that can interact with customers and provide real-time support. The technology is used in customer service, e-commerce and healthcare. Good Example chatGPT,

Natural Language Processing NLP
Image Credit: Google


Scope of NLP / Natural Language Processing

Natural language processing is a growing field and the future looks bright.
As data grows, the demand for NLP is expected to increase and new applications may emerge. Some areas where NLP is poised to have a significant impact include:

Personalized Education NLP can be used to personalize learning materials to a student’s strengths and weaknesses.
Healthcare  NLP can be used to analyze medical records and provide personalized treatment recommendations.
Business Intelligence  NLP can be used to analyze customer feedback and social media data to better understand customer behavior and preferences.

In conclusion, natural language processing is a fascinating field with great potential for practical applications.
As technology evolves, so will the applications of NLP.

The future looks bright for this burgeoning field, and we can expect to see more and more applications in the years to come.

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Future Reach:

Bots: Chatbots help customers find what matters quickly by answering questions and directing them to relevant resources and products any time of the day or night. To be effective, chatbots need to be fast, smart, and easy to use.

To achieve this, chatbots use NLP to understand language, often through text or speech recognition interactions. Amazon’s Echo is just one example of a future trend that brings people closer to technology.

The concept of an invisible or null user interface will rely on direct communication between the user and the machine, whether by voice, text, or a combination of both. NLP helps make this concept a reality.

Smarter Search: The future of NLP contains improved search, Smarter Search allows chatbots to understand what customers are asking for, activating “search while talking” capabilities (like you might ask Siri) instead of focusing on keywords or topics.

Google recently announced the addition of NLP functionality to Google Drive, allowing users to search for documents and content using natural language.

Future improvements:
Companies like Google are experimenting with deep neural networks (DNN) to push the boundaries of NLP and make human-computer interaction feel like human-to-human interaction.

The basic words can be subdivided into appropriate semantics and used in NLP algorithms.

NLP algorithms can be used for various languages ​​that are not currently spoken, such as regional languages ​​or languages ​​spoken in rural areas.
Translating from one language to another, for a wider scope.

10 Latest NLP Tools & Techniques:

  • NLTK
  • Spacy
  • Stanford NLP Library
  • GPT-3 & GPT 4
  • Apache OpenNLP
  • Google Cloud / GCP
  • Unbable
  • Text Blob
  • Amazon Comprehend
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