This is part of US IT Recruitment Training, we will discuss thoroughly the geographical condition of the United States of America, As we know the USA is a united form of multiple states so we will also learn all the states and their abbreviations, main cities under different states, Daylight saving time (DST) and finally different time zones of USA in recruitment aspects.
Geographic Situation & Overview of the United States of America
There is a total of 50 states in the United States of America which are listed below, a map of the USA would also be helpful to under in a better way.
USA on Global Map
Image Credit: Google
United States of America, All 50 states, and their abbreviations / US IT Recruitment.
Before we go to the chart/table of States & Cities, Let’s learn more about time zones.
What are EST, CST, MST, and PST?
EST: Stands for Easter Standard Time
EST is usually GMT+10.30, so in other words when it is 6.30 pm in India, its 9.00 am in EST USA. (In DST 1-hour difference)
CST: Stands for Central Standard Time
MST is usually GMT+11.30, so in other words when it is 6.30 pm in India, its 8.00 am in CST USA. (In DST 1-hour difference)
MST: Stands for Mountain Standard Time
MST is usually GMT+12.30, so in other words when it is 6.30 pm in India, its 7.00 am in MST USA. (In DST 1-hour difference)
PST: Stands for Pacific Standard Time for US IT Recruitment
PST is usually GMT+13.30, so in other words when it is 6.30 pm in India, its 6.00 am in PST USA. (In DST 1-hour difference)
|S. No.||State Name||Abb/||Time Zone||Main Cities|
|1||New York||NY||EST||NYC, Manhattan, Smithtown|
|3||New Jersey||NJ||EST||Jersey City|
|4||Massachusetts||MA||EST||Boston, Salem, Cambridge, Quincy & Worcester|
|5||Rhode Island||RI||EST||Warwick, Woonsocket|
|7||Washington D.C||DC||EST||City of DC|
|15||North Carolina||NC||EST||Charlotte, Raleigh|
|22||Florida||FL||EST||Tampa, Miami, Jacksonville|
|26||Minnesota||MN||CST||Minneapolis, St. Paul|
|28||Iowa||IA||CST||Iowa City, Des Moines|
|29||Illinois||IL||CST||Chicago, Naperville, Springfield|
|30||Missouri||MO||CST||Kansa City, St Louise, Jefferson|
|31||Arkansas||AR||CST||Little Rock, Bentonville|
|32||Louisiana||LA||CST||New Orleans, Baton Rogue|
|34||South Dakota||SD||CST||Water Town, Aurora|
|36||Kansas||KS||CST||Kansas City, Overland Park, Wichita, Topeka|
|38||Texas||TX||CST||Spring, Dallas, Ft. Worth, Irving|
|42||New Mexico||NM||MST||Santa Fe, Roswell, Farmington|
|43||Idaho||ID||MST||Boise, Idaho Falls|
|44||Utah||UT||MST||Salt Lake City, Cedar|
|45||Arizona||AZ||MST||Phoenix, Scottsdale, Tempe|
|47||Oregon||OR||PST||Portland, Beaverton, Salem|
|48||Nevada||NV||PST||Las Vegas, Boulder City|
|49||California||CA||PST||San Francisco, San Ramon, Sunnyvale|
What is Daylight Saving Time (DST) / US IT Recruitment:
In the United States, Daylight Saving Time (DST) begins on the second Sunday in March and ends on the first Sunday in November. During DST, clocks are turned forward by one hour, which means that there is more daylight in the evenings and less in the mornings. This change is intended to make better use of natural daylight and to conserve energy.
Summer daylight saving time in America always starts on the 2nd Sunday in the month of March and ends on the 1st Sunday in the month of November. This is being followed since the year 2007.
However, it’s important to note that not all states in the US observe DST. Hawaii and most of Arizona do not participate in DST, while some territories like Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands also do not observe it.
So, there is always a discussion that eliminates DST altogether in a few states.
To understand DST in a better way, let me give you an example below-
|EST (Usual Time)||EST (DST Time)|
|9.00 am||8.00 am|
|CST (Usual Time)||CST (DST Time)|
|8.00 am||7.00 am|
|MST (Usual Time)||MST (DST Time)|
|7.00 am||6.00 am|
|PST (Usual Time)||PST (DST Time)|
|6.00 am||5.00 am|
Major Companies / Clients in the USA and their Headquarters:
From the US IT Recruitment aspect, it is very important to know which are the major clients or major companies and their headquarters locations in the USA.
A Recruiter must know well and remember all of these clients to serve in a better way.
Let’s have a close look at the top 50 clients in the USA as per revenue in descending order.
|4||CVS Healthcare||Healthcare||Woonsocket, RI|
|5||United Health Group – UHG||Healthcare||Minnetonka, MN|
|6||Exxon Mobil||Petroleum||Irving, TX|
|7||Berkshire Hathaway||Conglomerate||Omaha, NE|
|8||Alphabet||IT||Mountain view, CA|
|9||McKesson Corp.||Healthcare||Irving, TX|
|10||AmerisourceBergen||Pharma||Chester brooks, PA|
|15||Cardinal Health||Healthcare||Dublin, OH|
|16||Chevron Corporation||Petroleum||San Ramon, CA|
|17||The Home Depot||Retail||Atlanta, GA|
|18||Walgreens||Boot Alliance Company||Deerfield, IL|
|19||Marathon Oil||Petroleum||Findlay, OH|
|20||Elevance Health||Healthcare||Indianapolis, IN|
|21||Kroger Corp.||Retail||Cincinnati, OH|
|22||Ford Motors||Automotive||Dearborn, MI|
|24||JPMorgan Chase – JPMC||Financial||NYC, NY|
|25||General Motors- GM||Automotive||Detroit, MI|
|26||Centene||Healthcare||St. Louise, MO|
|27||Facebook/Meta||IT||Menlo Park, CA|
|29||Phillips 66||Petroleum||Houston, TX|
|30||Valero Energy||Petroleum||San Antonio, TX|
|31||Dell||IT||Round Rock, TX|
|32||Target Corp.||Retail||Minneapolis, MN|
|33||Fannie Mae||Financial||Washington, DC|
|34||UPS – United Parcel Service||Transportation||Atlanta, GA|
|36||Bank of America||Financial||Charlotte, NC|
|37||Johnson & Johnson – J&J||Healthcare||New Brunswick, NJ|
|38||Archer Daniels Midland||Food||Chicago, IL|
|39||FedEx||Courier / Transportation||Memphis, TN|
|40||Humana Inc.||Health Insurance Company||Louisville, KY|
|41||Wells Fargo||Banking||SFO, CA|
|42||State Farm||Insurance||Bloomington, IL|
|44||PepsiCo||Food & Beverages||Purchase, NY|
|45||Intel||IT||Santa Clara, CA|
|46||P&G – Procter & Gamble||Consumer Products||Cincinnati, OH|
|47||General Electric – GE||Automotive||Boston, MA|
|50||Prudential Financial||Financials||Newark, NJ|
So in this article, we have discussed, all four different time zones of the United States of America from US IT Recruitment aspect, all 50 states in the USA, the 50 state’s abbreviations and their short code along with the most popular cities there in the USA, I believe we have a clear understanding of time zones, daylight saving timings and all the terms mentioned above.
If there is still any doubt, kindly feel free to comment below and I will try to answer to the best of my knowledge.