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Telemedicine: 5 Advantages to Improving Access to Healthcare for All

What is Telemedicine: A Fast-evolving field that is changing the way health care is delivered. Earlier, patients had to visit doctors, clinics, and hospitals to get treatment for their disease. However, with the help of telemedicine technology, patients can now access health care virtually or remotely using technologies such as videoconferencing, remote monitoring devices, as well as messaging platforms.


Telemedicine became an awesome and important thing during the COVID-19 pandemic as due to social distancing it was tough for patients to meet the doctors in person.
Telemedicine allows patients to get treatment without any risk of contracting any kind of virus and allows healthcare providers to continue their services without any interruption.
This article is elaborating on the history of telemedicine, the different types of telemedicine ways, the benefits and challenges of it, and the future of telemedicine.

History of Telemedicine:

The history of telemedicine dates  back to the early days of communication technology. The Very first case of telemedicine occurred in 1879 when a physician used a telephone which was newly invented to provide medical advice to a patient who was suffering from acute chest pain. Although, it wasn’t, until the end of the 1960s, that telemedicine become a recognized thing.
In 1960, the Nebraska Psychiatric Institute introduced and started using CCTV to counsel patients in rural areas about mental health problems. Soon this led to the creation of the Papago Space Technology Applied Rural Health Project (STARPAHC) in Arizona (USA) in 1968. STARPAHC provided medical care via telemedicine to Papago Indians living in remote areas with limited access to health facilities.


In the year of 1970s and 1980s, telemedicine continued to grow and evolve with the introduction of new technologies like video/On-call conferencing, remote monitoring / virtual Monitoring devices, and Electronic Medical Records or Electronic Health Records a>.
Initially, the internet was not used effectively by the worlds community and it was in use very less, but as soon as the Internet grew rapidly in the year of 1990s, it greatly improved the feature of telemedicine, and made too it easier to transfer medical patient data and images and since then, telemedicine is continuously evolving and expanding, with new technologies and applications emerging all the time.


Today, telemedicine is being used in a variety of settings, from hospitals and clinics to schools and homes. It became an essential part of everyone’s life and an important tool for everyone providing healthcare support to all the people living in remote areas, It has improved healthcare access to underserved/tribal communities and opened the way for healthcare providers to provide more efficient as well as cost-effective services.


Various Types of Telemedicine:

Here are a few more detailed explanations of the 3 major types of telemedicine:

  1. Live video consultations:

    This type of telemedicine contains and involves real-time communication between a patient and a healthcare provider or doctor, usually through video conferencing technology. Patients can speak about their problems to their doctor or healthcare specialist from the comfort of sitting at their home without having to travel to a physical clinic or hospital.
    During the consultation, healthcare providers can easily diagnose and treat a variety of conditions, can prescribe medications, and can provide medical advice.
    This type of telemedicine is especially useful for all patients who live in interior/ remote or rural areas, and for patients who are mobile or not able to leave their houses.
  2. Remote patient monitoring:

    This type of telemedicine involves using technology to remotely monitor a patient’s health situation. This may include devices such as blood pressure monitoring machine, heart rate/pulse rate monitors, and blood glucose meters that transmits data to a health specialist in real-time.
    This allows healthcare providers/specialists to monitor the health of their patients and intervene quickly if needed.
    Remote patient monitoring is very useful for particular patients with chronic conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, or breathing problems, and for those older patients who require more frequent monitoring.
  3. Asynchronous messaging:

    This type of telemedicine involves exchanging messages between a patient and a healthcare specialist/provider with a time delay
     between messages. This could be messaging apps, emails, or any other form of electronic communication.
    Patients can ask questions without hesitation, report symptoms or request prescription refills, and healthcare professionals can respond whenever needed. Asynchronous messaging can especially be useful for patients who have very busy schedules or for those who cannot  conduct live video consultations. It can also be used to monitor the situation of the patient post-consultation in real time or to provide ongoing support and advice.


Advantages of Telemedicine:

Telemedicine offers a variety of benefits to patients, healthcare specialists or healthcare providers, and healthcare systems. Below is a detailed guide of the benefits of telemedicine.

  1. Improved access to care:

    Telemedicine is allowing patients to receive care from the comfort of sitting at their homes, irrespective of their locations. This is especially useful for those patients who are living in rural and remote areas where access to medical facilities is very limited. Telemedicine can also be useful in improving access to care for patients with less mobility,

    severe chronic illness, and disabilities which make it too difficult to get to appointments.
  2. Reduced traveling time and Traveling costs:

    Telemedicine is able to save time and money by excluding the requirements for patients to go to their medical places or medical clinics. This is too useful to patients who are far from medical essential facilities or require a recurring and frequent visit.

    Telemedicine also saves the time and resources of healthcare specialists reducing the need to travel to multiple locations.




  1. Increased productivity and efficiency:

    Telemedicine also helps healthcare providers to watch more patients at a given or certain time, reducing long waiting times and increasing their efficiency. This is particularly very useful in busy healthcare environments where time & resources are very limited. Telemedicine can also be helpful in reducing administrative tasks such as paperwork and scheduling things, allowing healthcare providers to focus more and more on patients.
  2. Improving patient outcomes:

    Telemedicine can also be helpful in monitoring patients’ health continuously & be more frequent to identify problems at a starting stage before they become more serious. This can really improve health and reduce the urgent need for emergency treatment.
    Telemedicine can also be helpful for patients to continue to take care of their health and better manage chronic situations.
  3. Cost savings:

    Telemedicine can also help in reducing healthcare costs by eliminating the need for travel, reducing hospitalizations and using healthcare resources more efficiently, and closing health disparities by supporting underserved communities, which over time can lead to better health outcomes and lower healthcare costs.


Challenges of telemedicine:

Despite the benefits of telemedicine, it faces several challenges as well. Here is an explanation of the challenges of telemedicine.
  1. Lack of the approach of technology:

    Telemedicine really needs some access to new technology such as high-speed internet and video calling or conferencing devices and equipment, which is not easily available in all locations. This is a very particular challenge in rural and low-income areas where access to technology could be limited. Lack of access to technology makes it difficult for healthcare providers to provide telehealth services to all patients.
  2. Reimbursement or Repayment:

    However, another problem facing using telemedicine is the lack of compensation for its services. In most of cases, healthcare providers are usually not reimbursed for telemedicine consultations, which can make it difficult to provide these services. This is a specific problem for small healthcare providers who don’t have the resources for providing non-reimbursable telemedicine services.
  3. Telemedicine’s Privacy and security concerns:

    Telemedicine raises issues about the privacy and security of patient records.
    Healthcare providers and Healthcare insurers should take appropriate steps to ensure the confidentiality of patients’ records and maintain patients’ privacy.
    This is particularly important when using video conferencing/calling technology, this can also be vulnerable to hacking and other security breaches.
  4. Technology challenges:

    Telemedicine depends on technology that can be uncovered to technical issues and provocations.
    For example, A teleconferencing consultation may be disrupted due to poor internet connection or connectivity problems, causing the meeting to be detained and or adapted. Healthcare providers must have the appropriate ability and support to address these issues.
  5. Limited Physical Analysis:

    Telemedicine may also not provide the same level of health judgment as physical consultations, which can make it more challenging for medical professionals to diagnose certain infections. This can lead to a wrong diagnosis or delayed diagnosis, which can negatively
     affect patient health.


To Come of Telemedicine:

Telemedicine is commonly the use of technology which provides healthcare services remotely and virtually, enabling patients to connect with their healthcare providers from the easiness of their homes.

The future of telemedicine is way too promising, with so many factors contributing to its growth as well as development, advances in technology, including fast internet speeds, improved television software, and much more sophisticated medical devices, have made it much easier for healthcare providers and specialist to deliver high-quality health care remotely.

These advancements have telemedicine to expand beyond simple video consultations to include remote monitoring, online prescriptions, and even remote surgeries.

The COVID-19 pandemic has also accelerated the adoption of telemedicine, and social distancing measures and the need to minimize the risk of infection have made telemedicine a vital tool for delivering healthcare services while reducing the risk of exposure.

As a final result, most of the healthcare providers and patients have embraced telemedicine, to make it a more and more simple way to deliver healthcare services.

Another key factor driving the growth of telemedicine is its potential to improve access to care for millions of people around the world.

Telemedicine can overcome geographic barriers, enabling patients in remote or underserved areas to connect with healthcare providers in other parts of the country or world.

Telemedicine can also be used to improve access to specialized care, such as mental health services, which may be in short supply in certain regions.

In conclusion, the future of telemedicine looks bright. As technology advances, telemedicine will become more accessible, affordable, and sophisticated, making it an increasingly important tool for delivering health

 care. With the potential to transform healthcare delivery and improve access to healthcare, telemedicine has the potential to change the way we think about healthcare.




Telemedicine is an exciting and rapidly evolving field that offers many benefits to both patients and healthcare professionals. However, there are also challenges to overcome, such as making telehealth services accessible to all patients regardless of socioeconomic status or geographic location.

Despite these challenges, the benefits of telemedicine are clear. This can improve access to care, reduce healthcare costs and increase patient satisfaction.

As a result, telemedicine will become an increasingly important part of the healthcare environment in the coming years.

If you are interested in learning more about telemedicine, there are many resources available online to help you get started. You can read articles and research papers on the topic, watch webinars or videos, or even take online courses.

Additionally, many healthcare providers offer telemedicine services, so you can also speak with your healthcare provider to learn more about how telemedicine can benefit you. In conclusion, the future of telemedicine is bright, and it has the potential to revolutionize healthcare delivery.

As more healthcare providers and policymakers embrace telemedicine, it is important for patients to stay informed about the latest developments in the field and take advantage of the many resources available to them.


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