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Malaria and Treatment – Symptoms, Cause, Diagnose and Treatment

Have you ever been sick with malaria? Have you ever wondered how I got malaria if I was fit enough? (Malaria and Treatment)

You’re all prepared to go to the party, but then you get malaria and wreck your plans.
You wondered what if I hadn’t taken early measures or if there was someone with malaria who I shouldn’t have met.

If you plan to visit African countries where malaria is common, What precautions you can take to prevent malaria?

The major cause is being bitten by a mosquito, which enters your body and causes malaria. (Malaria and Treatment)

Today, we will go over the following phases of malaria disease.

Malaria and Treatment
Image Credit: Pexels

Malaria- A Fatal Disease.

  • Introduction & Overview of Malaria
  • Symptoms and Causes
  • Diagnosis and Tests

1. Introduction & Overview of Malaria: (Malaria and Treatment)

Malaria is a deadly disease carried by mosquito bites infected with parasites. When a mosquito bites you, it injects malaria parasites into your circulation.

Parasites, not viruses or bacteria, cause malaria. Now the question arises it is a bacteria or a virus?

Parasites are a member of eukaryotes. Eukaryotes have nuclei and other membrane-bound organelles.

They are different from bacteria and viruses due to their cells share many features with human cells.

It can cause severe health problems such as organ failure, death and brain damage.

Furthermore, if you are heading to a place where malaria is common. You should have a medical kit with you in case you catch malaria.

Malaria has high mortality in young children, the elderly, and the pregnant woman. People who live in poverty and do not have access to healthcare have high mortality to get malaria.

How Common is Malaria? (Malaria and Treatment)

Malaria is prevalent in tropical countries such as Africa and South Asia where the temperature is hot and humid.

Despite having one-third of the world’s population, more than half of all malaria cases are documented each year.

African nations continue to bear the largest malaria load. Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda currently account for 66% of the global malaria burden. (Malaria and Treatment)

Malaria and Treatment

Malaria is most commonly seen where?

The followings are the developing countries and areas where malaria is commonly seen.

  • Africa.
  • South America.
  • Dominican Republic and other Caribbean countries.
  • Eastern Europe.
  • South and Southeast Asia.
  • Oceanic islands and South Pacific Oceans (Oceania).

Malaria and Treatment

Mosquito Transmission Cycle:

The transmission cycle is mentioned below
1. A mosquito that has not been infected becomes infected transferring malaria parasites to you.
2. When parasites enter the body, they go to the liver, where they cause illnesses.
3. When parasites become more wild they leave the liver and enter the bloodstream.
4. The cycle will now carry on when the insect attacks another individual. (Malaria and Treatment)

2. Symptoms and Causes:

If you have previously had malaria, you may be unaware of the signs of malaria, Well, today you will know all the symptoms of malaria.
However, if you are aware of the symptoms, you should immediately seek medical attention.

The followings are the symptoms of Malaria:

➔ Fever
➔ Sweating
➔ Headache
➔ Fatigue and chest pain
➔ Diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting

You can also have anemia and jaundice where you will get yellowed and your eyes will get white. It can also lead to coma.

The coma ratio in children is 15% and in adults, it has 20%. (Malaria and Treatment)

Isn’t it terrifying? If you have a fever or a headache, your heart beats faster than if you do not have malaria.

The symptoms usually appear within 10 days. It usually depends on the parasite, and how poisoned the parasite is.

Because some people may not feel ill even after being bitten by a mosquito. A parasite can remain in the body for several years without causing any difficulties.

Malaria and Treatment

Other Modes of Transmission:

Not only being bitten by mosquitoes can lead to malaria. There are more ways you can get malaria:

  • Donation of Bloods
  • Sharing the needles
  • A mother carrying the unborn baby in her belly

3. Diagnosis and Treatments:

How is Malaria Diagnosed?

You must tell your doctor about the countries you have visited. So that the doctor can supply you with accurate information.

The doctor will take your blood samples of yours and will send them to the lab.

If you have malaria, the doctor will tell you what sort of malaria you have and will provide you with the appropriate medication.

How is Malaria treated?

Malaria may be treated and prevented with drugs that destroy the parasite that causes the sickness. These medications are known as antimalarials.

Some medications are administered in conjunction with others.

The type of medicine used and the duration of therapy are determined by the parasite.

Antimalarial Medications Include:

Prevention:

If you are traveling to a region where malaria is common, you can take the following precautions.

  • Protect your skin.
  • Use insect repellant on your skin
  • On your clothes use insect repellant.
  • Sleep with a net over your head.

Is there a vaccine against malaria?

Yes, the vaccine was developed in Ghana, Kenya, and Malawi.
The RTS, S/AS01 vaccine protects against Plasmodium falciparum malaria, a devastating childhood infection.

Final Words:

Malaria is a potentially fatal parasitic infection caused by the Plasmodium parasite.

It is spread by infected mosquito bites and mostly affects humans in tropical and subtropical parts of the world.

Malaria symptoms include fever, chills, headaches, muscular pains, and weariness.
Malaria control relies heavily on prevention. This involves the use of mosquito nets, insect repellents, and protective apparel.

Furthermore, early diagnosis and treatment of malaria cases can help to keep the disease from spreading.

You now have a thorough understanding of malaria. Malaria sufferers should not be met with, according to scientists and experts.

 

You may also like to read: Dengue: 5 Prevalent Symptoms and How to Deal With

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